How to Choose the Right Coolant for Your Truck
If you want to extend the life of your engine, it is important to use the right coolant. However, the coolants suitable for trucks may not be the same as those used for small vehicles. Trucks are usually used to haul larger loads such as campers, boats and trailers and this is why their coolant requirements are different from those of small cars. You should do your research well to find the right truck coolant to buy. Using the right coolant will ensure that the engine does not overheat or get damaged.
Which Coolant is Right for Your Truck?
When you start searching for truck coolants or antifreeze, you will come across various types in the market. Majority of the coolants are either made of ethylene glycol or propylene glycol. Keep in mind that ethylene glycol is very toxic and should be handled with extreme care. Make sure that the coolant is not allowed to drain into the water table.
Most truckers use propylene glycol as a coolant since it is safer and recommended by the national authorities. Apart from being used in trucks, the coolant is used in aircraft de-icing foods and toiletries. However, just like is the case with ethylene glycol, the propylene glycol should not be allowed to drain into the water table.
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Generally, you should ensure that water and the engine coolant are mixed in the ratio of 50/50. The mixture should not have less than 40 percent of water. Most people think that the main function of the coolant is to ensure that the engine does not freeze. However, this is not the main function. The main work of the mixture is to ensure the boiling point temperature stays high while the freezing point temperature stays low. This function is more important. If you do not use the right coolant, corrosion and rust as well as cylinder wall cavitation can result. As a result, your engine may die.
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Check the Freezing Point
It is important to ensure that propylene glycol is in a higher concentration if you live in a cold climate region. The compound does not lower the freezing point effectively and this is what you should keep it in high concentration. If you live in a warm climate area, you will realize that propylene glycol transfers heat fast. This characteristic makes it better for hauling large loads on terrains that are uneven.
Mixing Engine Coolant
You should not use tap water to dilute concentrated engine coolant. This water can cause the engine to scale. To dilute the engine coolant, use de-ionized or distilled water instead. Most manufacturers advise truckers to purchase pre-diluted coolant.
You need to do your research well to find the right coolant for your truck. Following the above tips will ensure you end up with the right coolant.